White House pitches infrastructure plan to the states
Construction workers smooth tar as they pave a road in October 2018 in San Francisco. The Biden administration is making its pitch for a $2 trillion infrastructure bill by citing unmet needs in each state. (Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
WASHINGTON — In New Hampshire, there are 215 bridges and over 698 miles of highway in poor condition.Florida has been dealt $100 billion in damages over the last decade from extreme weather events. One in 4 Idahoans have no access to broadband internet, and 1 in 2 live in areas with too few licensed child care centers.
In the next phase of President Joe Biden’s sales pitch for his $2 trillion infrastructure package, his administration is framing its argument around the mounting, unmet needs in states as it seeks to build public support for another massive spending bill. Democrats are also hitting back at criticisms from congressional Republicans that the mammoth package goes too far beyond the road-and-bridge projects typically associated with infrastructure.
The White House released a set of state-by-state breakdowns on Monday detailing the number of bridges in severe disrepair, increased commuting times due to lack of investment in transit, and growing costs related to ensuring that drinking water systems are safe and clean, as well as funding in the proposal intended to tackle those problems.
New Hampshire infrastructure needs
The White House gave New Hampshire an overall infrastructure grade of C-, based on the following data.
Roads and bridges
- 215 bridges and more than 698 miles of highway in poor condition
- Commute times have increased by 5.9% since 2011
- Each driver pays $476 per year on average in costs due to driving on roads in need of repair
- Residents who take public transportation spend an extra 114.9% of their time commuting
- Nonwhite households are 2.1 times more likely to commute via public transportation
- 32% of trains and other transit vehicles in the state are past useful life
- 5 extreme weather events from 2010-2020 have cost the state up to $500 million in damages
- Over the next 20 years, drinking water infrastructure will require $1 billion in additional funding
- 73,000 renters in New Hampshire spend more than 30% of their income on rent
- 5% of residents live in areas where there is no broadband infrastructure that provides minimally acceptable speeds
- 62.7% of residents live in areas where there is only one such internet provider
- 10% of New Hampshire households do not have an internet subscription
- There is an estimated $324 million gap in what schools need to do in maintenance and make improvements
- 46% of residents live in a child care desert
- Manufacturers account for more than 11.6% of total output in New Hampshire, employing 70,000 workers, or 10.1% of the state’s workforce
- An average low-income family spends 8-10% of their income on home energy costs
Clean energy jobs
- 16,571 people in New Hampshire worked in clean energy in 2019
- 100,000 veterans live in the state
- 8.1% are women, 51% are over 65
Democrats in addition contend that child care and care for older adults and those with disabilities are critical for supporting the country’s economy and overall well-being, along with access to high-speed internet.
“What they really do is identify the needs in these states and how this package could benefit” states, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said Monday, adding: “There are different types of funding for infrastructure that would be worked through with Congress as the discussions proceed.”
The new fact sheets don’t offer any estimates on how much money any state could expect to receive if the proposed infrastructure package makes it through the narrowly divided Congress to the president’s desk.
Speaking to regional reporters Monday, Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg said it will be up to Congress to determine how exactly each of the many pots of money will be allocated.
Some dollars likely would be doled out through existing grant programs or using formulas based on a state’s population or other factors.
Congress also is expected to allocate money directly for specific projects, reviving a process known as earmarking that could be used to entice skeptical legislators to support a bill by sending money to their home districts and states.
Though specifics of how various dollars will be distributed are yet to be determined, Buttigieg said the overall approach will be intended to be “user-friendly” for state and local officials to figure out.
“The goal is to be responsive when questions come in, and to try to make the process as simple as can be, so you don’t have to be a large enough community to have full-time federal relations experts in order to navigate any application process,” Buttigieg said.
But in order to have any funding to apply for, the Biden administration will need to combat criticism from Republicans at the proposal’s price tag and its unusually broad definition of critical infrastructure.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., on Monday called the infrastructure package “a motley assortment of the left’s priciest priorities,” and a bait-and-switch from what voters expect from an infrastructure package.
“Less than 6% of this proposal goes to roads and bridges,” he said. “It’s not remotely targeted toward what Americans think they’re getting when politicians campaign on infrastructure.”
Responding to such critiques, Buttigieg pointed to massive national projects like the transcontinental railroad or the interstate highway system, arguing that those ambitious programs also changed how Americans thought about infrastructure.
“They challenged the country to expand its definition of infrastructure from what had prevailed in the past,” Buttigieg said, arguing that broadband internet is just as critical today as those projects were.
Asked how he’s pitching the proposal to Republican lawmakers and governors, Buttigieg replied that he hasn’t needed to argue why there’s a need for more investments, emphasizing that the size of the package will ensure that every state benefits.
The Biden administration’s state-centered fact sheets were published hours ahead of a bipartisan White House meeting between Biden and a handful of lawmakers, including Republican Rep. Garret Graves of Louisiana and Democratic Rep. David Price of North Carolina.
Graves serves on the Transportation & Infrastructure Committee, and Price is chairman of the Appropriations Committee’s panel on transportation spending.
According to the White House’s fact sheet on North Carolina, the state has 1,460 bridges and more than 3,116 miles of highway in poor condition, linking the condition of those roads and bridges to commute times that have risen 10% and higher annual costs to drivers.
In Louisiana, some 30 extreme weather events between 2010 and 2020 cost the state up to $50 billion in damages, according to the White House. That’s the same amount as the overall total that the Biden administration has proposed for making the country’s infrastructure more resilient to threats from natural disasters.
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